KEPEMIMPINAN TRANFORMASIONAL DALAM MENINGKATKAN SIKAP KESELAMATAN

rina yulianti, Devi Nurmalia

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26751/jikk.v11i2.579

Abstract

Latar belakang: Safety attitudes perawat merupakan komitmen perawat untuk meningkatkan keselamatan pasien melalui sikap maupun perilaku keselamatan. Transformational leadership diharapkan dapat mempengaruhi safety attitudes perawat.

Tujuan: Studi literatur ini bertujuan untuk meninjau berbagai publikasi tentang transformational leadersip dan safety attitudes perawat.

Metode: Studi literatur ini dilakukan dengan meninjau 22 publikasi dari tahun 2002 sampai dengan tahun 2018, baik dari publikasi Nasional maupun Internasional yang berkaitan dengan transformasional leadership keperawatan dan safety attitudes perawat.

Hasil: Transformational leadership berfokus pada idealized influence, inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation, dan individualised consideration dapat memberikan pengaruh terhadap safety attitudes perawat.

Kesimpulan: Perawat memiliki peran penting dalam meningkatkan keselamatan pasien yang dirawat dirumah sakit. Upaya untuk mewujudkannya adalah dengan mengembangkan keterampilan kepemimpinan transformasional.


References


Bally, JMG. (2007). The role nursing leadershio in creating a mentoring culture in acute care environment

Bass B, Avolio BJ. (2002). Developing Potential Across a Full Range of Leadership: Cases on Transactional and Transformational Leadership. Psychology Press, Hove.

Carney J. (2011). Transformational leadership. Journal of professional nursing 34 (2011) 117-121

Fischer SA. (2017). Developing nurse’s transformational leadership skills. 7748/ns.2017. e10857

Garvin dan Winata W. B. 2016. Peran gaya kepemimpinan tranformasional dan transaksional terhadap keterikatan kerja. Psibernetika Vol. 9 No. 1 April 2016

Gheith NA-R (2010) Reconstructing organization culture through enforcing head nurses’ transformational leadership style. Australian J Basic Appl Sci 4(6): 1288–96

Goleman D (2009) Emotional Intelligence: Why it can Matter more than IQ. Bloomsbury Publishing, London

Ilies R, Nahrgang JD, dan Morgeson FP. (2012) Leader-member exchange and citizenship behaviors: A Meta-Analysis

Kim, E. K., Kang, M. A., & Kim, H. J. (2007). Experience and perception on patient safety culture of employees in hospitals. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration, 13(3), 321-334.

Kouzes IG dan Posner JK. (2007). Patient safety culture and the association with safe resident care in nursing homes

Listyowardojo, T. A., Nap, R. E., & Johnson, A (2012). Variations in hospital worker perceptions of safety culture.International Journal for Quality of Health Care, 24(1), 9-15.

Mahajan, R. P. (2010). Critical incident reporting and learning.British Journal of Anaesthesia, 105(1), 69-75.

Milligan, F., & Dennis, S. (2004). Improving patient safety and incident reporting. Nursing Standard, 19(7), 33-36.

Northouse PG (2010) Leadership: Theory and Practice. 5th edn. Sage Publications, London

Sexton, J. B., Helmreich, R. L., Neilands, T. B., Rowan, K., Vella, K., Boyden, J., et al. (2006). The safety attitudes questionnaire: psychometric properties, benchmarking data, and emerging research. BMC Health Service Research, 6, 44. doi:10.1186/1472-6963-6-44.

Shaffer Singer SJ. et al (2011). A Randomized Field Study of a Leadership WalkRoundsTM-Based Intervention. Harvard Business School Working Paper

Stephenson, J. (2002). CDC campaign targets antimicrobial resistance in hospitals. Journal of American Medical Association, 287, 2351-2352

Sullivan EJ dan Decker PJ. (2009). Efective leadership and management in nursing. The American Journal of Nursing 98 (6): 16L

Undang-Undang Nomor 38 Republik Indonesia Tahun 2014 tentang Keperawatan

Wang, Lin, et.al. (2017). When Nurse Emotional Intelligence Matters : How Transformational Leadership Influences Intent To Stay. 7 September 2018.

Ward I dan Crosling G. (2002). Oral communication: the need and uses od nursing graduate. English for spesific purposes 21 (2002) 41-57

Wears, R. L., Janiak, B., Moorhead, J. C., Kellermann, A. L., Yeh, C. S., Rice, M. M., et al. (2000). Human error in medicine: promise and pitfalls, part 1. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 36(1), 58-60.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 16 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.