SENAM GERAK LATIH OTAK (GLO) MAMPU MENINGKATKAN FUNGSI KOGNITIF LANJUT USIA

Ibnu Abas, Agus Setiawan, Widyatuti Widyatuti, Raden Siti Maryam

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26751/jikk.v11i1.716

Abstract

Abstrak

 

Populasi lansia saat ini mengalami peningkatan dan diharapkan kualitas hidupnya pun harus tetap baik. Salah satunya dengan memelihara fungsi kognitif melalui senam Gerak Latih Otak (GLO). Tujuan penelitian adalah melihat pengaruh senam GLO terhadap fungsi kognitif lansia. Metode penelitian menggunakan kuasi eksperimen tanpa kontrol dengan intervensi senam GLO 30 menit per sesi, tiga kali seminggu selama satu bulan. Fungsi kognitif dinilai dengan Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE). Jumlah sampel sebanyak 39 lansia. Uji statistik menggunakan paired t test. Hasil uji menunjukkan ada perbedaan rata-rata fungsi kognitif setelah intervensi dengan mean MMSE = 22,95 (SD = 1,413) menjadi  27,95  dengan SD = 1,297 (p value = 0,000). Senam GLO mampu meningkatkan fungsi kognitif lansia sehingga diharapkan menjadi salah satu latihan fisik yang dapat dilakukan di panti.

 

Kata Kunci : fungsi kognitif,  kualitas hidup lansia,  senam GLO

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The population of the elderly is currently increasing and it is expected that the quality of life must also be good. One of them is by maintaining cognitive function through Senam Gerak Latih Otak (GLO exercise). The aim of the study was to see the effect of GLO exercise on cognitive function in the elderly. The research method used quasi-experimental without control with GLO gymnastics intervention 30 minutes per session, three times a week for one month. Cognitive function is assessed by Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE). The number of samples is 39 elderly. Statistical test using paired t test. The test results showed there was a difference in the average cognitive function after the intervention with the mean MMSE = 22.95 (SD = 1.413) to 27.95 with SD = 1.297 (p value = 0,000). GLO exercise can improve cognitive function of the elderly so that it is expected to be one of the physical exercises that can be done in Panti.


Keywords: cognitive function, elderly quality of life, GLO exercise


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