KEPEMIMPINAN TRANSFORMASIONAL DALAM MENINGKATKAN KEPUASAN KERJA PERAWAT: LITERATURE REVIEW

Hadi Suweko, Luky Dwiantoro

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26751/jikk.v11i1.775

Abstract

 

Abstrak

Latar belakang: Kepuasaan kerja merupakan suatu keadaan emosional seseorang yang positif atau menyenangkan dari nilai atau pengalaman orang tersebut, hal ini menunjukan bahwa karyawan membentuk sikap terhadap pekerjaan dengan memperhatikan perasaan, kepercayaan dan perilaku mereka sendiri. Kepuasan kerja perawat dibeberapa negara masih rendah, seperti di Cina 54 % dan Shanghai 60,8%, Indonesia 92,96%. Dari fenomena yang ada, menunjukkan kepuasan kerja perawat masih rendah. Kepemimpinan transformasional diharapkan mampu meningkatkan kepuasan kerja perawat. Tujuan: Untuk mengidentifikasi perilaku transformasional pemimpin dalam meningkatkan kepuasan kerja perawat. Metode: Artikel ini menggunakan design literatur review yakni peneliti mengulas, merangkum, dan menuliskan pemikiran beberapa pustaka seperti artikel, buku dan undang-undang. Penelusuran artikel melalui PubMed, Scincedirect dan Google Schoolar. Hasil: Pada literatur review ini menunjukkan bahwa kepemimpinan transformasional berpengaruh positif terhadap kepuasan kerja perawat, juga berkontribusi pada peningkatan kualitas pelayanan, melalui kepemimpinan kharismatik, inspiratif, menstimulasi intelektual dan pertimbangan yang diindividualkan. Kepemimpinan karismatik yakni perawat manajer mampu menyampaikan visinya dengan jelas untuk meningkatkan mutu pelayanan keperawatan. Kepemimpinan inspiratif yakni pemimpin mampu menyampaikan harapan tinggi berkaitan mutu pelayanan dan menginspirasi perawat lain. Kepemimpinan yang memiliki rangsangan intelektual yakni mampu memotivasi, meningkatkan kemampuan terus menerus, mampu menjadi pelatih bagi stafnya. Pemimpin memiliki pertimbangan yang diindividualkan yakni seperti memberi reward sesuai prestasi individu perawat. Kesimpulan: Perilaku transformasional pemimpin dapat  meningkatkan kepuasan kerja perawat.

 

Kata Kunci: Kepemimpinan Transformasional, Kepuasan kerja, Perawat.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abstract

Background: Satisfaction work is a state of emotional someone whose positive or pleasant of values or experiences of people, regard this shows that employees form the attitude towards work to pay attention to the feelings , beliefs and behaviors of their own. Nurse work satisfaction in some countries is still low, such as in China 54% and Shanghai 60, 8 %, Indonesia 92.96% . Of fenomena were there, showed job satisfaction of nurses is still low. Leadership Transformational expected to improve job satisfaction of nurses. Aim: To identification behavior of transformational leaders in improving job satisfaction of nurses. Method: Article The use design literature reviews on the researcher to review, summarize, and write down thoughts some libraries such as articles, books and laws. Search artikel through PubMed, Scincedirect and Google Schoolar. Results: In the literature review to show right that the leadership of transformational influence positively to the job satisfaction of nurses, also contribute to the improvement of quality of service, through leadership charismatic, inspiratif, stimulate intellectual and considerations are individualized. Leadership charismatic, nurse manager is able to convey his vision with clearly to improve the quality of care nursing. Inspirational leadership, that is, leaders are able to convey high expectations regarding service quality and inspire other nurses. Leadership that has intellectual stimulation that is able to motivate, improve the ability continuously, able to become a trainer for its staff. Leaders have considered that individualized the like to give a reward in accordance accomplishments of individual nurses. Conclusion: Leader's transformational behavior can increase nurse job satisfaction.

 

Keywords: Transformational Leadership, Job Satisfaction, Nurse.


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References


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